Eye diseases can have a permanent impact on your vision. This idea is made even more daunting when you realize that many eye diseases don’t show any symptoms until you’ve already lost a significant portion of your sight.
Hayden Optometric Inc. is fully-equipped with state of the art technology to help us discover and diagnose any early warning signs associated with eye diseases. Our exceptional team will take the time to answer your questions to ensure you have all the information you need.
To have your eyes tested for any indications of possible eye diseases.
Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in North Americans in people over the age of 55. This condition occurs when the macula (the small portion of the retina responsible for central vision) sustains damage due to the aging process, resulting in vision loss.
In dry AMD, deposits called drusen collect under the macula, inhibiting the macula’s ability to function properly.
In wet AMD, the retina tries to replace damaged blood vessels by growing new ones. However, the new blood vessels are irregular and can leak fluid. This can eventually develop into scar tissue, which inhibits the macula’s ability to work adequately.
Glaucoma is a condition that damages the optic nerve, usually due to high intraocular pressure. The optic nerve delivers electric impulses from the eyes to the brain. When the optic nerve sustains damage, this results in permanent, cumulative vision loss.
In most cases, glaucoma develops very gradually over a period of several years and cannot be detected without an eye examination.
People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing a wide range of eye conditions. Diabetic eye disease refers to two conditions that appear exclusively in diabetic patients: diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when weak, damaged blood vessels leak fluid into the eye, resulting in blurry vision. In more advanced cases, the retina may try to replace the damaged blood vessels by growing new, irregular ones, leading to retinal damage and scarring.
Diabetic macular edema occurs when the damaged blood vessels in the macula leak, causing it to swell, resulting in distortion, blurry vision and potentially vision loss.
When the eye’s natural lens becomes progressively cloudy, it’s called a cataract. This cloudiness develops as a result of the proteins in the lens restructuring with age. Cataracts develop naturally in everyone eventually, but some people are at a higher risk of developing them sooner. Smoking, diabetes, and excessive exposure to UV light can all contribute to early cataract development.
Keratoconus is a disease that alters the shape of the cornea, causing it to thin and bulge outwards in a cone shape. For the cornea to provide clear images, it is beneficial to have a uniform curvature and thickness. The changes caused by keratoconus alter the way light refracts, causing visual disturbances.